Reasons you Need to Know About Drill Press and Hand Drill

drill press and hand drill

Drills are tools fitted with cutting bits that are used to bore holes through different materials. The cutting tool attached to a drill can either be a form of “driver bit” or “drill bit”. There are multiple types of drills. The most common types of drills used are the hand drill and drill press. Deciding the type of drill that works for an individual is determined by a number of factors. These factors include the size of material being drilled, the type of drill bit being used, the power, capacity, effectiveness and price. Owing to this, it becomes important for an individual to establish a clear understanding of these two drills.

Size

The hand drill is often preferred due to its small size. Due to its small size, this particular type of drill is easier to store. When an individual only requires a drill for simple and personal projects around the house, this particular drill is preferred. It does not take up a large amount of space in an individual’s garage. Moreover, the hand drill’s small size makes it easier to transport. The drill press, commonly referred to as the bench drill is larger. Its design and physical make up makes it harder to store and transport. It consists of a base, which is attached to a long column. This column supports the a table’ part of the drill. The same column also has a motor and spindle attached to it. The size exceeds that of the simple hand drill by far. As a result, these drills demand a significant amount of space to either store or transport it.

Figure 1: The Drill Press

Mechanism
In addition to size, the two drills’ mechanisms also vary. The hand drill, for instance, is often operated by the human hand. This means that the mechanism used to operate the drill is manual. The speed of this machine is determined by the individual’s hand motions. As opposed to this, its counterpart is automated. As aforementioned, the motors attached to the long column are used to turn the spindle. The spindle supports the drill chunk which has all the cutting tools attached to it. This way, the motors drive the drill, making it drill holes in materials. Further, the speed of the drills is equally automated. A speed control dial is used to either increase of reduce the drill’s speed.

Price
The price of these two drills tends to vary. The hand drill is pocket friendly. Owing to its simple and manual mechanism, this drill tends to be easily affordable. It is due to its cheap price, that this drill has become popular amongst individual looking to improve their homes. The bench drill on the other hand, is more expensive. While the price of the bench drill may vary, its price exceeds that of the hand drill by far.

Performance
The performance of these two drills can be determined by multiple factors. First, the accuracy of these two drills tends to vary. When it comes to construction, it becomes important for an individual to maintain precision when drilling holes. In the case of the hand drill, accuracy is greatly reduced. The precision of the holes being drilled is determined by an individual’s aim. Drilling holes at different angles can easily result in un-even holes. The bench drill allows the worker to clamp the material that requires drilling. This ensures that the drill’s angle remain unchanged, creating more precise and even holes. Multiple holes with the same spacing, width and depth can be attained using this particular type of drill.

Secondly, the power of these drills also differs. Owing to the motor mechanism used in the bench drills, they tend to be a lot powerful than the hand drills. As opposed to the hand drill, the bench drill uses motors which drive the cutting pieces attached to the drill. It is possible for an individual to drill large bits of material using this drill. Further, the drills’ attached position allows it to draw power through leverage. This makes it easy for an individual to attach large bits for drilling even larger holes. Contrary to this, the hand drill requires an individual to use a significant amount of energy to drill through large pieces of material. The process is laborious and often futile.

Finally, the speed of the hand drill and that of the bench drill also tends to differ. When using a hand drill, an individual is forced to determine the angle and depth of the hole he or she is drilling manually. Due to this, the process of drilling is greatly slowed down. In addition, the process of drilling is greatly limited by the human hand. Fatigue, combined with the laborious process of hand drilling slows down the process even further. As opposed to this, the angles and depth can be automatically set before commencing the drilling process. In addition, the motors used to drive these drills are powerful. This allows the drilling bits to spin more quickly, increasing the speed of the drilling process.

Functionality

The Drill press can drill holes at an angle with ease. The Hand drill presents multiple challenges when drilling holes at an angle. In most cases, the holes tend to deviate from their required paths. In addition, the drill bits used in the bench drill allow the drill to bore larger holes. They also allow the drill to bore holes through thick material. The limited number of drill bits used with hand drills only allows the user to make small holes in light materials. This limits the drill’s functionality.

Safety and Security

Safety is regarded as one of the most important benefits associated with the bench drill. Multiple features guarantee an individual’s safety and security while working with this drill. A clamp is used to hold the material being drilled in place. In addition, the speed of the drill can be regulated. These features reduce the risk of breakage and accidents during drilling. As opposed to this, materials slip easily when using the hand drill. This makes constructors more prone to accidents, further undermining their safety.

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